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Gardening Calendar

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JANUARY

Browse wintering area
Eingewinterte dahlias, tuberous begonias, geraniums, fuchsias and pot plants to rot and pests control.

Ornamental
In heavy snowfall trees and bushes should be shaken to break any branches or plants will be torn apart. Larger lesions with central shutter-treated wounds.

Winter stress on plants to avoid
- Proper choose location with the ideal temperature (15-22 ° C)
- Water and fertilizer consumption is low in winter
- Trimming and early detection of diseases and pests

Watering pot plants

For all the tranquility but are also now certain tasks to be done, depending on the weather situation: Be sure to check the standing stock in winter potted plants, they might easily dry out. If the frost make very strongly felt, could even burst the ceramic pots. An envelope with mats, with fleece or with jute bags can prevent the worst.

Winter pruning
As soon as the first almost frost coming days, it’s time for the winter pruning of fruit trees. These cutting measures are specifically enhanced the subsequent growth of leaves and twigs. Also hedges or shrubs can now be vigorously thinned. In particular, this applies to willow, hazelnut, rose hips, jasmine, weigela, elderberry, dogwood pruning red, Deutzie (Maiblumenstrauch) – but in any event, these trees that have already been created in the fall of their buds and will soon bloom in spring.

Evergreen trees such as conifers, rhododendrons, holly and cherry laurel also need moderate watering in winter. But please only in frost-free watering days!

Pond in Ruhe
If you have a garden, do not break the frozen pond or disturb the quiet of the winter pond creatures otherwise. This cold, icy weather but also attracts unwanted guests in our gardens. These are the rabbits. You will find in the rock-hard frozen ground does not provide sufficient nourishment. Therefore, the last standing on the beds winter vegetables, such as is Brussels sprouts, kale or leeks for the rodents in the truest sense of the word is always welcome to feed. So hurry up and eat themselves to reap more! Even the bark of fruit trees and bushes do not despise them. Sometimes the only appropriate time protection by tightly woven wire mesh.

Houseplants

The plants in the living room, conservatory, or in the kitchen on the window at this time also need the attention and care. While growth is highly restricted to seasonal factors – not least because of the diminished sunlight. Most of these indoor plants should only be poured when the surface of the pot has dried. Also make sure that arises in decorative pots or in the coasters there is no water.

Garden tools and machinery review
Check your tools and your equipment, eg Lawnmower and get them if necessary in the service. With petrol lawnmower with an annual service should be made at Elektromähern it is enough to him (well cleaned using any water hose) and the knife to grind.

General Cleaning
Mild entice days worked in the open. Perhaps the fence, pergola or Rankgerüst would have to be repaired or repainted. In any case, we need to look out the general cleaning of the equipment cabin.

FEBRUARY

Vegetable garden
In January, by February or create a cultivation plan. With every flower bed between the proposed pre-, main and possibly adding Nachkultur. Eight possible to change from last year.

Orchard
Fruit trees, berry bushes cut. Not carry out work cut out at temperatures below -5 ° C. Tree trunks to protect against frost damage. Larger Sägewunden with wound closure means to cover.

Repot
Potted plants, soil and hydroponic plants and other plants that need a bigger pot, repot the end of February. Erdsubstrat The appropriate use and make sure that the root ball remains intact as possible. Make sure that the water can end well, making for large vessels with expanded clay and a drainage filter mat.

Cut back plants as needed

MARCH

First sowing
Summer flowers and vegetables in the cold frame, greenhouse or Saatschale Sow.

Suspensor potatoes that drive tuberous begonias.

Vegetables and salads before planting
From mid-March, the first vegetables, lettuce can be planted kohlrabi under glass, foil or under fleece.

On sunny days, enough to reveal

(Temperature may) rise in any case exceed 25 ° C!

Winter treatments
on fruit and deciduous trees with a fungicide and a winter (late February – early March)

Plant and Maintain
Trees, shrubs and fruit trees planted and maintain.

Rosen abhäufeln prune, and fertilize from late March to mid April.

Cut and thin out shrubs

Preparing the ground
As soon as the soil dried in the open is superficial, the beds can be loosened with the sowing and Krail or pflanzfertig prepared. Basal dressing of compost and incorporate flat.

APRIL
One year before planting flowers
After the frosts, the cold-sensitive summer flowers can be brought into the open. Anyone who mixes the Earth as an environmentally friendly Osmocote, 5 months nachzudüngen need to be qualified.

Lawn scarifier
Sowing and bald patches where not happened yet, fertilize with a slow release fertilizer.

Vegetable garden
Heat loving vegetables (beans, cucumbers sown). Tomatoes, peppers, melons, basil, planted out Aubergingen. Seedbed: Sow 2 Where all different types of lettuce.

Maintaining Roses
Be sprayed against fungal diseases (rust, Stern sooty mold, mildew) must be pre-bending every 2-3 weeks with a fungicide. For lice, etc. with an insecticide.

Strawberry patch
Plants with straw unsuccessful. New strawberry seedlings to plant.

MAY

One year before planting flowers
After the frosts, the cold-sensitive summer flowers can be brought into the open. Anyone who mixes the Earth as an environmentally friendly Osmocote, 5 months nachzudüngen need to be qualified.

Lawn scarifier
Sowing and bald patches where not happened yet, fertilize with a slow release fertilizer.

Vegetable garden
Heat loving vegetables (beans, cucumbers sown). Tomatoes, peppers, melons, basil, planted out Aubergingen. Seedbed: Sow 2 Where all different types of lettuce.

Maintaining Roses
Be sprayed against fungal diseases (rust, Stern sooty mold, mildew) must be pre-bending every 2-3 weeks with a fungicide. For lice, etc. with an insecticide.

Erdbeerbeer
Plants with straw unsuccessful. New strawberry seedlings pflanzen.GARTENTIP MAY

One year before planting flowers
After the frosts, the cold-sensitive summer flowers can be brought into the open. Anyone who mixes the Earth as an environmentally friendly Osmocote, 5 months nachzudüngen need to be qualified.

Lawn scarifier
Sowing and bald patches where not happened yet, fertilize with a slow release fertilizer.

Vegetable garden
Heat loving vegetables (beans, cucumbers sown). Tomatoes, peppers, melons, basil, planted out Aubergingen. Seedbed: Sow 2 Where all different types of lettuce.

Maintaining Roses
Be sprayed against fungal diseases (rust, Stern sooty mold, mildew) must be pre-bending every 2-3 weeks with a fungicide. For lice, etc. with an insecticide.

Erdbeerbeer
Plants with straw unsuccessful. New strawberry seedlings to plant.

JUNE
Rosen
To cut away parts withered along with the rose petals among them 2-3, so that a seed and a fresh approach to prevent sprouting is stimulated. Fertilize Towards the end of the month for a second time.

Rhododendron
Withered flowers erupt. The flowering of each variety is very different.

Care work
Pest and disease control through targeted use of different measures: biological, chemical or use of beneficial organisms. Important fungal diseases treated preventively – to intervene in parasites only in a larger population.

Tomatoes
Geiztriebe, so break out the appearing regularly shoots in the leaf axils, and connect the central focusing on the stake. Pull up a maximum of 2 drives. The lower 2-3 leaves, remove from here as the infection starts with decay. Under no chop tomatoes (flachwachsende roots).

Turf
Once the likely night temperatures above 10 ° C to combat broadleaf weeds in the lawn. There are various preparations that are either pour through spraying, be spread or scatter.

The lawn should be mowed at least 4 days before application
After spraying, it should not rain at least 1 day
After spreading to wait at least 1 week before the lawn mowed
is

JULY
Sow biennial flowers
Pansies, forget-me, daisies, wallflowers, Bart cloves, etc.

Summer Flowers
Break or cut off faded flowers to water and fertilize.

Orchard
Summer pruning, watering, harvesting, pest control

Vegetable garden
) On vacant beds in the first month-third of carrots (early varieties to sow bush beans, sugar loaf, fennel, radishes and radish. Chinese cabbage in the second half of July, White Sow spring onions until the end of the month. Salads and share the whole of July.

Borders and flower beds mulched
Woodland borders, rose beds, fruit and ornamental garden mulch, ie Covering the soil with a layer free of organic material: chopped straw or miscanthus, short grass cuttings or Rindenabdeckmaterial. In order to ver-reduces water evaporation and by the longer keep more moisture soil organisms) in this layer (better air circulation.

Casting
Plants that are in containers, must be regularly watered. An automatic irrigation can be beneficial. Plants that are in earth, not too often, watering thoroughly for it. Pour in the early morning or evening. As a lawn sprinkler control on a rain meter provides good service.

AUGUST
Plant strawberries
The sooner this is done in August, the higher the yield the following year. Be sure to observe crop rotation: So do not plant strawberries there have already been where strawberries.

Thin out Raspberries
All worn rods cut close to the ground, thin out young shoots ev: per lm 8-12 young shoots. Cut the varieties Golden Autumn Bliss and Bliss all the routes in November on the ground. The rods can be cut off until the spring – the rapidly propagating v. pests, such as predatory mites.

Green manure
Vacant beds that are not documented, are not empty. Therefore, mustard green manure or a mixture sowing, the plants are mowed before or after the first freezing and undermined with the sickle. They become valuable humus.

Vegetable garden
Lettuce and Chinese cabbage, winter-white spring onions, black winter radishes, corn salad and spinach sown. Pay attention to Kohlweisslingsraupen, absammeln and mash. Parsley sown in August, brings us next spring, the coveted spicy green.

SEPTEMBER
Evergreen plants share
For planting or transplanting of deciduous and evergreen Conifer is now the season is ideal. You have completed their Jahreswuchs. In the still-warm soil, the roots can grow well and then survive severe winters.

Turf
Toward the end of the month, the lawn should be fertilized again. Now we spread one potash fertilizer emphasized. The potassium promotes the strengthening of cell walls, so that the grass is more resistant to fungal diseases, and better withstand the winter.

Cheaper is time for lawn seeding or renovation, depending on the region from mid-August to mid September. Because of the existing soil temperature, the seed germinates very quickly. Although it is not so hot, need regular seeding, ie all days are short cast. For in Keimstadium the roots are found only on the surface of the soil. If this layer is dry, dry up over several days, even the young grasses.

The first cooler nights
When announced, you have cucumbers, zucchini harvest, pumpkins necessarily.

Plant Bulbs
From mid-month, we can already make preparations for a colorful joyful springtime. Tulips and daffodils are probably the best known. But it is worth once to plant some lesser-known species and varieties, eg in Zierlaucharten there are a variety of sizes and colors. If the bulb placed in mesh containers, each variety can be kept very well apart.

Creating a new lawn
In early September is the ideal time to sow new lawn .The summer drought is over in general and the ground is still warm enough to allow the grass seeds germinate quickly.

Pond cover
Depending on the weather, the first deciduous trees lose their leaves as early as late September. Cover your pond with a Laubschutznetz from an early stage so that the leaves do not fall into the pond and it accumulates with digested sludge.

Plant Bulbs
If you have ordered new bulbs in time, meets the supply often from mid-September with you. Bring the fresh bulbs better already in the ground – they should be planted twice as deep as they are high. With tulips, lilies and other moisture-sensitive species, you should prior to the onion to sprinkle some coarse construction sand Put planting hole.

Dahlias for the vase, cut
Cut out only in full bloom dahlia – preferably early morning. Do only as many leaves on the stems, as for aesthetic reasons, it is absolutely necessary, because too many leaves to reduce the vase life.

Share faded perennials
When summer perennials such as delphiniums, or bearded iris are finished flowering, is the best moment to share large or blühfaule copies. In addition, all aboveground plant parts are cut off just above the earth. Then they dig out the roots and it also cuts a bit. Flat rhizomes are easy to share with pruning in dichtfilzigen root ball of the spade is useful. Pour in After planting!

Fertilize roses with potassium
Fertilize your rose beds best early to mid-September even with a low-chloride potassium fertilizer such as Patentkali. The potassium promotes Lignify of drives and is stored in the cell sap of plant cells. There it is similar to a de-icing the freezing point down and make the roses more resistant to frost damage.

OCTOBER
Pond cover
Thus falls as little foliage in the pond, this should be covered with a Laubschutznetz. That brings us to contribute to algae control by next year.

Plant fruit trees
From late October apples, pears, plums / prunes can be planted. Cold sensation-modes of species such as peach, apricot blackberry and kiwi plants against one better in the spring.

Not too early to grub dahlias
Let your dahlias to stand until the foliage is completely dead – the longer the outdoor season, the greater reserve materials can store the plants for the next shoot in their tubers. Light frost can not damage the tubers in the ground not much.

Plant bulbs
Now is the perfect time to plant tulips, daffodils and other spring flowers to. If you put the bulbs in the flower bed or lawn, you should select the seed points with a stick. So next spring, you can easily check whether all the bulbs and tubers are expelled.

Autumn leaves from the lawn to remove
Forest shrubs and ground cover such as foam flower (Tiarella), or ivy Waldsteinia feel in the fall under a mulch well. The lawn, however, required in the winter light enough to avoid forming any bald spots. Harken the green carpet, therefore, if needed week off with a rake. Larger Laubmengen can be divided into simple round of chicken wire baskets, space-saving storage.

Lawn refresh: bare patches
October is repaired for amateur gardener the last opportunity to bald spots in the lawn. Rough on the ground with a Handvertikutierer or an iron rake and then sow the bald spots as possible with the same seed mixture to from which there is also the rest of the lawn. The reseeding is sparsely covered with humus soil and thoroughly soaked. Extensive repairs, you should move to the next spring.

Roses: Easy Pruning
Bedding and shrub roses already need a light pruning in the fall. Use the scissors, all rose particularly long, Sparriger shoots shortening, so that a regular tree is created with a compact crown. The proper pruning, however, take place until next spring when the forsythia open their blossoms.

Deciduous trees transplanted
If you want to transplant a larger deciduous shrub or tree, you should still do in the fall. Reason: The plant then has sufficient time to form until the next sprouting new roots. Wait until most leaves have fallen off, and dig it out of the woods with a generous root ball. The soil at the new location will be repaired with compost and the wood as possible without storage time equal reinstated. Exception: Evergreen shrubs are planted in late summer or – better – in the early spring to. They should be well rooted by the winter, as they otherwise may suffer frost damage sheet.

NOVEMBER
Ice free in the pond install
Although the pond surface is covered with a layer of ice are formed in the deeper regions of fermentation gases. In order to escape this, it needs always ice-free zone. The easiest way we achieve this with a Eisfreihalter. In any case, suggest a pimple with a hole in the ice. The fish and other organisms do not survive such a noise.

Tillage
Heavy, tough soil with a shovel digging coarse. May affect the freeze and break clods. In loose soil, you should loosen the grave with fork to the soil life is less disturbed. Green manure shallow dig.

Rosen
Elongated shoots up to knee height shortening, the actual cutting takes place only in the spring. Infested foliage compost under any circumstances. Roses earthing with earth or compost. Not expose the roots! Some Tanna distributed over the roses as protection against cold and against the winter sun.

Fallen leaves
Only the lawns and paths should be freed. Among the trees the leaves can quietly lie down (decompose quickly and is a winter protection.)

DECEMBER
Birds
Starting with the winter feeding of birds, so they get used to the feeding place. Thoroughly clean the nest boxes

Winter protection
for evergreen trees that are in the east or southeast. Not only the low temperatures, but the sun and the wind may be added to the plants. When the sun is shining on the frozen leaves, the temperature difference within a short time considerable. The cells thaw too quickly, burst and change color), then brown (combustion. We can work around this problem by shading the plants with materials like fleece, reed mats and Tannenäste.

Cleanup tool shed
Those garden owners who have all their paraphernalia in a shed, you must also note a few things: seeds and plant protection products bear no freezing temperatures. For many funds, the limit is as high as 6 ° C. All seed and means to check expiration dates and supply in the basement.

Leaves as an antifreeze

If you are particularly vulnerable to frost shrubs such as camellias or have hollyhocks in your garden, protected by a dense cover (with pine branches, or with a suitable mulch material) against the threat of freezing temperatures

Incidentally, if the lawn should be covered with snow again, then run it under any circumstances – the trodden snow layer would suffocate the grasses – and would then spring to this point only yellow-brownish spots the grass “decorate”.

Same shrubs proliferate

You’ve always wanted to go even multiply shrubs? Now, you could just use this winter to vegetationsgebremste: dogwood, forsythia, cotoneaster or weigela can now be propagated by cuttings.

Cut out this powerful, rd. 15 to 20 cm long shoots from below a bud.
Make a few bundles each consisting of approximately ten to twelve plug-in timber and place them to spring into a container with good garden soil. By the spring of moderately moist at a temperature of about 20 degrees.

Once it has formed in the following weeks gradually delicate network of roots that can so early cuttings are then planted in the spring.

Irrigation in winter

Forget the evergreen plants do not! It is thought that this would need in winter, where seemingly everything but suspended, no irrigation.

What is, however, precisely these plants like rhododendron, holly, cherry laurel, etc., must be kept moist during the winter period with measurements, because they give up their leaves in winter due to natural evaporation of a portion of their moisture.

However, do not water if the ground is already frozen.

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